School of Biblical Studies
Biblical studies is the academic study of the Judeo-Christian Bible and related texts. For Christianity, the Bible traditionally comprises the New Testament and Old Testament, which together are sometimes called the “Scriptures.” Judaism recognizes as scripture only the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Tanakh, an acronym for the Hebrew names of its divisions: Torah (Law), Nevi’im (Prophets) and Ketuvim (writings). Other texts often examined by biblical scholars include the Jewish Apocrypha, the Jewish pseudepigrapha, the Christian Apocrypha, the many varieties of ante-Nicene early Christian literature, and early Jewish literature.
There are two major approaches towards Biblical studies. The first approach studies the Bible as a human creation and is also known as Biblical criticism. This approach is practiced in the secular academic world. In this approach, Biblical studies can be considered as a sub-field of religious studies.